Ars Magica Wiki


  • June 21: Verditius Contest held at Verdi, in the Roman Tribunal.
  • September 9: Battle of Svolder: King Olaf Tryggvason is defeated by an alliance of his enemies in a naval battle.
  • December 25: Stephen I becomes King of Hungary, which is established as a Christian kingdom.
  • Sancho III of Navarre becomes King of Aragon and Navarre.
  • Sweyn I establishes Danish control over part of Norway.
  • Oslo, Norway is founded.
  • Emperor Otto III makes a pilgrimage from Rome to Aachen and Gniezno (Gnesen), stopping at Regensburg, Meissen, Magdeburg, and Gniezno. The Congress of Gniezno (with Bolesław I Chrobry) is part of his pilgrimage. In Rome, he builds the basilica of San Bartolomeo all'Isola, to host the relics of St. Bartholomew.
  • The archdiocese in Gniezno is founded; the first archibishop is Gaudentius (Radim), from Slavník's dynasty.
  • Arab Egyptian Muslim mathematician and astronomer, Ibn Yunus, publishes his astronomical treatise Al-Zij al-Hakimi al-Kabir, and invents the pendulum.
  • Persian Muslim scientist and physician, Avicenna, who is considered the father of medicine, publishes The Canon of Medicine, an influential book which maintains that medicine should be known through either experimentation or reasoning. He also publishes The Book of Healing, where he hypothesizes two causes of mountains: "Either they are the effects of upheavals of the crust of the earth, or they are the effect of water, which, cutting itself a new route, has denuded the valleys."
  • The Château de Goulaine vineyard is founded in France.
  • Leif Ericson lands in Vinland.
  • Persian Muslim physicist and mathematician, Abu Sahl al-Quhi (Kuhi), hypothesizes that the heaviness of bodies vary with their distance from the center of the Earth, and solves equations higher than the second degree.
  • Persian Muslim astronomer and mathematician, Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, invents the astronomical sextant and first states a special case of Fermat's last theorem.
  • The archdiocese in Gniezno is founded; the first archibishop is Gaudentius (Radim), from Slavník's dynasty.
  • Arab Andalusian Muslim physician, Abu al-Qasim (Abulcasis), the "father of modern surgery", publishes his influential 30-volume medical encyclopedia, the Al-Tasrif, which remains a standard textbook in the Islamic world and medieval Europe for centuries.


  • Adalbert, Duke of Lorraine
  • Qawam al-Daula, ruler of Kerman
  • Ibn Rashiq, Arab rhetorician


  • September 9: Olaf I of Norway (killed at the Battle of Svold) (b. 969)
  • Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, Persian astronomer and mathematician
  • Abu Sahl al-Quhi (Kuhi), Persian philosopher, mathematician and astronomer
  • Ahmad ibn Fadlan, Arab writer and traveller
  • Al-Muqaddasi, Arab geographer and social scientist
  • Aelfthryth, second or third wife of Edgar of England
  • Garcia IV of Pamplona
  • David III of Tao, a Georgian King
  • Hrosvit, Saxon nun