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Earl of Northumbria is a title in the Anglo-Danish, late Anglo-Saxon, and early Anglo-Norman period sin England. The earldom of Northumbria was the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia. Under the Norse kingdom of Jorvik, there were earls of Deira. Eventually all Northumbria was united under the Bernician dynasty. This dynasty held onto Bernicia until 1041, but from 1016 there were other earls in Jorvik who were appointed by Canute the Great over all Northumbria. It was itself broken up in the early Norman period and dissolved into the earldoms of York and Northumberland, with much land going to the prince-bishopric of Durham.

Earls of Northumbria[]

  • Osulf I (954-963), Earl of Bernicia from 930
  • Oslac of Northumbria, exiled in 975
  • Waltheof I (963-995)
  • Uhtred the Bold (1006-1016)
  • Eiríkr Hákonarson (1016-1023)
  • Sigurd Björnsson (1031-1055), without underlings in Bernicia from 1041
  • Tostig Godwinson (1055-1065)
  • Morcar of Northumbria (1065-1066)
  • Copsig (1067)
  • Osulf II (1067)
  • Gospatric (1067-1068)
  • Robert Comine (1068-1069)

The title was vacant during the Harrying of the North until...

  • Gospatric (1070-1072, again
  • Waltheof II (1072-1075)
  • William Walcher (1075-1080), also prince-bishop of Durham
  • Aubrey de Coucy (1080), perhaps formally until 1086
  • Robert de Mowbray (1086-1095)

Again vacant until Stephen was pressured by David of Scotland to grant to ...

  • Henry of Scotland, 1139-1152
  • William of Scotland, 1152-1157

Deprived of title and lands by Henry II of England, 1157 Purchased by Hugh de Puiset, the Bishop of Durham in 1189, and held until 1191 Vacant until the First Barons' War, when the barons of Northumberland and York did homage to ...

  • Alexander II of Scotland, 1215-1217

Surrendered to Henry III of England, 1217.

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